Quiz

Test Your Wine Knowledge

Question 1
What are the five red grapes use in the blend for Bordeaux red wines?
A
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Petit Verdot, Malbec
B
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Malbec, Syrah
C
Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec
D
Gamay, Syrah, Grenache, Zinfandel, Cabernet Sauvignon
Question 1 Explanation: 
Bordeaux reds can be made from any of these grapes in varying proportions. The area around the "left bank" of the Gironde estuary tends to have more Cabernet Sauvignon in the blend, whereas the areas of Pomerol and St Emilion have a greater proportion of Merlot.
Question 2
Noble rot is an undesirable fungus that tends to destroy the grapes of the "noble" wines in the Sauternes region in France
A
TRUE
B
FALSE
Question 2 Explanation: 
Noble rot (Botrytis Cinerea) does affect the grapes in the Sauternes region, but this is not undesirable. Some of the finest desert wines in the world are produced with grapes afflicted with this rot which raises the sugar levels and helps create the wonderfully complex dessert wines of Sauternes.
Question 3
Chateau Petrus is a first-growth Chateau in Bordeaux and one of the finest wines in the world.
A
TRUE
B
FALSE
Question 3 Explanation: 
Chateau Petrus is a Bordeaux wine and indeed one of the finest wines in the world. However, it is not a first growth wine. Chateau Petrus is from St Emilion in the "right bank" area of Bordeaux and right bank wines were not included in this ("first growth") classification which was largely established in 1855.
Question 4
Which of these wines is made by drying the grapes on mats before pressing and fermenting the wine?
A
Chianti
B
Brunello di Montalcino
C
Amarone
D
Aglianico
Question 4 Explanation: 
Amarone is made using grapes that are dried on mats before pressing and fermenting in order to raise the proportion of sugars to water in the grapes. They are fermented to dryness (not sweet wines) and are incredibly complex and robust.
Question 5
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
A
Southern Rhone Valley wines are permitted to use white grapes in their red wine blends
B
Champagne is made from both red and white grapes
C
US wines labeled as "Cabernet Sauvignon" are required to be made from 100% Cabernet Sauvignon grapes
D
Icewines are made by allowing the grapes to partially freeze on the vines before harvesting late in the season
Question 6
What is a "corked" wine?
A
A smell of wet cardboard typically associated with the use of synthetic corks and screwcaps
B
Wine that has crumbled cork in the bottle, a problem arising with improper bottle opening technique
C
Wine that is negatively affected by trichloroanisole compounds (TCA), a problem associated with natural cork
D
Wine with negative characteristics due to cork that has allowed air to enter the bottle
Question 6 Explanation: 
When a wine is affected by the compound trichloroanisole (TCA) it is said to be "corked". This is a problem typically associated with natural cork and affects roughly 1% of wines. This flaw imparts an unpleasant scent of wet cardboard.
Question 7
Idicate which of the following statements is FALSE?
A
New Zealand is well known for Sauvignon Blanc wines
B
The Loire is well known for Chardonnay wines
C
Chile is well known for Carmenere
D
South Africa is well known for Pintoage
E
Argentina is well known for Malbec wines
Question 7 Explanation: 
It is important to understand which grapes are commonly identified with a given region. All of these statements are true with the exception of the Loire being known for Chardonnay. The Loire is known for Sauvignon Blanc and Chenin Blanc.
Question 8
Domaine de la Romanee Conti is a wine made from the Pinot Noir grape and is an example of one of the finest wines of the Burgundy region.
A
TRUE
B
FALSE
Question 9
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Barolo?
A
It is a characteristically tannic wine
B
If drunk before 10 years of bottle aging it is likely too young
C
It is a full-bodied red wine, characteriscially dark in color
D
It originates from the Piedmont region in Italy and is made from the Nebbiolo grape
E
It's characteristic aromas are of "tar and roses"
Question 9 Explanation: 
Barolo is a wine from Piedmont made from the Nebbiolo grape. It is very tannic and long-aging, but the color is relatively light for such a full bodied red wine.
Question 10
Which of the following responses are FALSE regarding the practice of decanting wine?
A
Decanting is performed to leave the sediment behind in the bottle as wine is poured into another container
B
Decanting accelerates "breathing" in wine
C
Red and white wines benefit from decanting
D
Tannic red wines tend to soften and their aromas can gain complexity through the process of decanting
Question 10 Explanation: 
Decanting allows wines to oxidize ("breathe"), which softens their tannins and opens up more complex aromas, particularly in tannic red wines. It is not necessary to decant white wines.
There are 10 questions to complete.

 

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